АННОТАЦИИ СТАТЕЙ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ | Вестн. Том. гос. ун-та. Биология. 2009. № 4 (8).


ANNOTATIONS.pdf ZOOLOGYVinogradov Vladislav V., Kelbeshecov Boris K. Krasnoyarsk state pedagogicaluniversity named V.P. Astafieva, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; State nature reserve «Stolby»,Krasnoyarsk, Russia. STRUCTURAL AND TEMPORAL ORGANIZATION OFTHE RODENT COMMUNITY OF THE MIDDLE DARK CONIFEROUSFORESTS OF EASTERN SAYAN (FOR EXAMPLE, RESERVE «STOLBY»).Analysis of the size and characteristics of community information of small rodents darkconiferous forests Reserve «Stolby» has shown that it is subject to long-term changesand different average degree of stability, as evidenced by the dynamic parameters ofdiversity and equalization. Phases of the long-term fluctuations of different types ofnumbers do not match, in connection with which changes the structure of dominationannual community. This parameter is formed by sharp fluctuations in the number ofdominant species and their rearrangement within the community. Significant influenceon the informational characteristics of small rodent community also has a presence orloss of small species. The method of principal component analysis yielded a threedimensionalmodel of the location of rodents in the hyperspace of the leading environmentalfactors. In the first place of attachment to the main habitat types in the directionof closed and wet - to the sparse and dry. Secondary factors appear fluctuations in thenumber and ratio of the character of moisture. Component analysis of the matrix ofstructural indices showed the lead-dominant species (Cletrionomys rutilus Pall., Cletrionomysrufocanus Pall.) in the structure of domination community for 24 years. Calculationof correlation coefficients between the multi-year performance numbers madeit possible: to establish the presence or absence of numerically dependent relationshipsbetween species, indirectly assess the degree of overlap of ecological niches, determinethe degree of connectedness of community and its overall stability. In general, theanalysis allows a high degree of confidence to judge the state as separate populations,and the entire community of small rodents in the territory under consideration and describeshim as stable and resistant to the action of factors of different nature.Key words: small rodents; community; stability; sustainability.Konusova Olga L., Pogorelov Yuri L., Ostroverkhova Nadezda V., NechipurenkoAnastasia O., Vorotov Aleksandr A., Klimova Elena A., Prokopiev Aleksey S. TheDepartment of Invertebrate Zoology, Biological Institute of Tomsk State University,Tomsk, Russia; Scientific-Practical Centre «Apis», Tomsk, Russia; 3Sibirian BotanicalGarden of Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia. HONEY BEE AND BEEFARMINGIN THE TOMSK REGION: PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE. Researchon honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) is an important objective of bee-farming inRussia. Researches are particularly interested in forest dark bees that are resistant tovarious unfavourable conditions. They live in a number of regions of Russia, includingAnnotations 121some apiaries in the Tomsk region. The Tomsk region is abundant in forested areas andother areas with a variety of meliferous plants. Better use of meliferous flora and scientificapproach to selection of bee strains best suited to the bee forage and climate of anarea can ensure a dramatic rise in honey flow. Thus, the primary goal of honey beeresearch is assessment of plant resources of a region and analysis of the gene pool ofhoney bees and means of its preservation. The article discusses the history of beefarmingin Siberia and gives assessment of the current state of bee-farming in theTomsk region. The latter is characterized by decline of public bee-farming, shift to theprivate sector and fall in the number of bee colonies. A few regions are taken as examplesto demonstrate the productivity of apiaries. Urgent problems of bee-farming areabsence of bee breeding farms, bee diseases, lack of qualified farmers. Establishmentof the «Apis» research centre within the Department of Invertebrate Zoology at theInstitute of Biology of Tomsk State University initiated a research on honey bee biologyand bee-farming in the Tomsk region. The centre sets the objective of developingmethodological foundation for the revival and intensification of bee-farming in theTomsk region. Some of upcoming trends are apiary house bee-farming and buildingfarms for breeding forest dark bees as well as other strains of honey bees.Key words: honey bees (Apis mellifera L.); Tomsk region; bee-farming; historyand perspectives.Kuleshov Dmitry A., Romanenko Vladimir N. Biological Institute of Tomsk StateUniversity, Tomsk, Russia. LONGICORN BEETLES (COLEOPTERA,CERAMBYCIDAE) OF THE TOMSK REGION. 96 species of longicorn beetlesare registered on the territory of Tomsk oblast, 70 species of them being caught in naturalconditions and 13 species found in studied collections (Zoological Museum collectionsand Invertebrate Zoology department of TSU collections). Despite the fact thatthe existence of another 13 species of longicorn beetles is only known from literarysources and the fact of finding them is not proved by their presence in studied collections,nevertheless describing the biology of these species enables us to make a conclusionthat these species are quite probable to exist on the territory of Tomsk oblast. Ninenew species from those caught are proved to exist on the territory of Tomsk oblast.Analyzing the known material from the point of view of common area of distributionof longicorn beetles, one can assume the existence of approximately ten locally distributedand rare species of this family in Tomsk oblast.Key words: Coleoptera; Cerambycidae; Tomsk region; longicorn beetles.Romanenko Vladimir N., Cheredova Varvara V. Biological Institute of TomskState University, Tomsk, Russia. HUNTING BEHAVIOR OF FREE-LIVINGSPIDERS. The peculiarities of feeding behavior of free-living spiders (Lycosidae, Salticidae,Thomisidae) were studied experimentally. Great differences in hunting behaviorof representatives of these families were established, which is connected with differentvisual abilities and their activity. Jumping-spiders are the most active food consumersof all Siberian spider species of studied families, wolf-spiders and crab-spidersbeing less voracious. It was found, that spiders Evarcha and Marpisa have good binocularvision and are able to watch their prey at a distance of 8 and 12 cm respectively andjump to catch their prey at a distance of 4 and 8 cm. Wolf-spiders (Lycosidae) do notjump, but accurately determine the place where their prey sits and quickly jump tocatch it from the distance of up to 3 cm from any side. Crab-spiders can stalk their prey122 Annotationsbut they wait for the prey to touch any of its legs. This being done, crab-spiders make agrab.Key words: wolf-spiders; jumping-spiders; crab-spiders; feeding behavior; vision;prey model.Safronov Valery М. Institute for biological problems of cryolithozone SB RAS, Yakutsk,Sacha Republic, Russia. ADAPTIVE FEATURES OF THERMOREGULATIONAND MAINTENANCE OF ENERGY BALANCE IN MOUSELIKERODENTS. Adaptation of small rodents to the contrast temperature conditionsis related to the development of chemical thermoregulation and labile morphometricresponses. Existing in the narrowed annual range of temperatures they develop adaptationsof heat emission regulation and stabilization of metabolism at the low level. Specieswith a broad area are referred to the first group, while autochtons of the Subarcticto the second group. Stenotopic species take an intermediate place.Key words: adaptation; thermoregulation; thermoproduction; gas exchange; bioenergetics;metabolism; homeostasis.SOIL SCIENCE AND FORESTRYBeh Joseph A., Danchenko Anatoly M. Institute for Monitoring of Climatic andEcological Systems SB RАS, Tomsk, Russia; Biological Institute of Tomsk State University,Tomsk, Russia. FORESTRY POTENTIAL OF INCREASING PINEFORESTS PRODUCTIVITY IN WESTERN SIBERIA. The article touches uponthe reasons why pine forests in Western Siberia loose their productivity. The main reasonsof these losses are: harsh climate, waterlogged territories, poor forest growth conditions,forest fires and failure to comply with rational exploitation methods. Conditionallycontinuous felling and failure to finish cutting trees result in direct wood loss.Because of these reasons lack of growth exceeds 5 mln m3 per year. Forestry aims atincreasing plantation productivity, retaining and improving increase rate: it is facilitatedby sampling dry, dwarfed and defected trees. The attendance being taken in aright way, increase rates of section area and stem wood increase. Analyzing plantationgrowth according to stem section area in unmixed pine forests, attendance cuttingsshould start when young trees link their crowns and be carried out after each anthropogenicdisturbance and decrease in plantation increase rates. In mixed young growthsand mean-aged plantations attendance should be aimed at forming unmixed pine foreststands: first of all trees of other breeds are cut down and only then defected and suppressedspecimens of the main breed.Key words: productivity; increase curve; forestforming process.Nikolaeva Svetlana A., Savchuk Dmitry A. Institute for Monitoring of Climaticaland Ecological Systems (IMCES SB RAS), Tomsk, Russia. PINE TREE AND STANDGROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT IN THE SOUTHERN TOMSK OBLAST. Thegrowth in pine trees and the development in pine forests are studied in the Tom-Obdivide and right-bank of the Tom river, West Siberia, Russia. The growth stages ofeven-aged pine generations are identified by change of the basal area increment behaviourand the pine tree ontogenetic stages and pine forest developmental stages are identifiedby morphological characters. The pine tree ontogeny and pine forest developmentAnnotations 123are synchronous in the southern Tomsk Oblast. The pine ontogeny are divided into 2developmental periods and 7 developmental phases, the dynamics of regeneration andaged development of pine forests are divided into 2 developmental periods and 5 developmentalphases, and the tree and stand growth dynamics (the basal area incrementdata) are divided up to 3 growth stages. Some ontogenetic stages in even-aged pinegenerations coincide with corresponding stages of regeneration and aged developmentin pine forests. Their time boundaries can be dated by the transition between the treeand stand growth stages except the initial stages when the number of tree rings are alittle. If the pine tree and stand development do not delay, the every follow developmentalstage become to be longer.Key words: Pinus sylvestris; tree and stand growth stages; tree and stand developmentalstages.AGRICULTUREAlexeeva Tatiana P., Burmistrova Tatiana I., Naumova Ludmila B., SysoevaLydia N., Trunova Nina M. Siberian Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture andPeat of Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, Tomsk, Russia; Department of Chemistryof Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia. STUDY OF SOME PROPERTIES OFORGANOMINERAL FERTILIZERS IN THE DEPENDENCE ON THECONTENT IN THEIR COMPOSITION OF THE ACTIVATED PEAT. The solutionof the ecological and economic problems of agricultural production is possible due tothe use OMF, which manifest the biological activity and decrease unproductive expendituresof fertilizers, their entering into the ground water. This is reached because organicmatter of fertilizers is represented by lowland type native peat with the inclusion chemicallyactivated peat (hydrolyzate of peat), which is solid waste in production of growthstimulators by peroxide-ammonium hydrolysis method. Properties of nitric-potassic organomineralfertilizers (OMF) and their organic content, depending on activated peatcontent, and also the form of the utilized nitrogenous fertilizers, were investigated in presentstudy. The subject in our study was lowland type peat of «Dark» layer in Tomskregion (65% humidity) and hydrolyzate of peat (solid residue from the production of theplant growth stimulators). Investigation of agrochemical properties of fertilizers, allow toassume the possibility of fertilizers production with the required ratio of moving elementsof nourishment (N: K). After evaluation of moving elements of nourishment, it wasshown that the dose of activated peat 10-15% in the composition of fertilizers has amaximum effect on their chemical and agrochemical properties, ensuring them effectivenessof action. Thus, usage of peat hydrolyzate in organomineral fertilizers ensure controlledmineral nourishment into the soil, increasing their economic effectiveness andecological safety.Keywords: organic and mineral fertilizers; peat; activated peat; mineral fertilizers;agrochemical properties.ECOLOGYBazanov Vladimir A., Savichev Oleg G., Skugarev Andrey A., HaranzhevskajaJulia A. Research Institute of Biology and Biophysics of TSU, Tomsk, Russia; Facultiesof mineralogy and geochemistry of GGF of Tomsk state university, Tomsk, Russia; Societywith limited liability «INGEOTEH», Tomsk, Russia; Siberian Scientific ResearchInstitute of Agriculture and Peat of Russian Academy of Agrarian Sciences, Tomsk,Russia. APPLICATION OF METHOD PHITOINDICATION IN HYDROLOGICALRESEARCHES OF BOGGY TERRITORIES OF THE WESTERNSIBERIA (BY THE EXAMPLE OF THE SMALL RIVER KLUCH, TOMSKAREA). The application of the method of phytoindication on the basis of the analysis ofspace pictures of average resolution for the decision of hydrogeological tasks in the wetlandsof the taiga zone of West Siberia is considered. By the example of a little spring«Kluch», typical for the taiga zone, a spatial interdependence between vegetation and hydrogeologicalconditions in the wetlands is established, which permits to use the method ofphytoindication to solve different hydrogeological tasks in hard-to-reach regions of WestSiberia. While choosing the phytoindicative indicators, the morphological and ecologicalcharacteristics of wetland plants and the character of their association with phytocenoses aretaken into account. According to morphological characteristics, a classification of wetlandplants of the central part of the taiga zone of West Siberia is developed. For the spring«Kluch» the morphometric characteristics are established with the help of phytoindication.Also it is demonstrated that the catchment basin of this stream is 1,7 times bigger than thatstipulated in Rosgidromet materials. As a result, the values of surface run-off of the spring«Kluch» have changed significantly. Besides this, the more correct values for wetlandsquare, including treeless and forest wetland systems, have been obtained. With a glance ofthe characteristics obtained, an analysis both of water balance structure and temporary alterationsof its elements is provided. The analysis discloses the alteration in water regime ofthe territory under study which is characterized with a certain decrease in the surface run-offin November and December, April-June and increase in August-September. The alterationmentioned above is connected with a statistically significant decrease in general humidificationof the catchment area in April, gradual augmentation of evaporation in fall period,growth in duration of transitional fall-winter period and correspondent shortening of moisturesupply in snow cover in November-December. In whole, in the nearest- and mediumtermprospects, the conditions favorable for the development of wetland-formation processesin the warm period of the year and the improvement of conditions necessary to theexistence of vegetation generally exacting to warmth are going to continue which, in arather severe environment leads to intensification of peat accumulation.Key words: phytoindication; vegetative community; wetlands; water balance;Western Siberia.Luschaeva Inna V., Morgalev Yuri N. Research Institute of Biology and Biophysicsof TSU, Tomsk, Russia. STUDYING OF THE INFLUENCE OF NANOPARTICLESTIO2 AND AL2O3 ON BACTERIA PSEUDOMONASFLUORESCENS AND BACILLUS MUCILAGINOSUS. The using of nanomaterialsand nanotechnologies is one of the most perspective directions of the XXI century.Taking into account the fact that nanomaterials will be widely used in different spheres(including medicine) in the future, it is very important to reveal their possible risks alreadytoday. Methods of biotesting are ones of the methods of studying the influence ofdifferent factors and substances on living organisms. It was studied the influence ofnanoparticles TiO2 (5, 50 and 350 nm) and Al2O3 (7, 70 nm and 4 microns) on bacteriaPseudomonas fluorescens AP-33 and Bacillus mucilaginosus В-1574. The experimentsshowed that bacterial test cultures are the most sensitive to disperse system of nanoparticles TiO2 with the size of 5 nm and disperse system of nanoparticles Al2O3 with thesize of 70 nm and 4 microns.Key words: nanoparticles; methods of biotesting; test cultures; Pseudomonasfluorescens; Bacillus mucilaginosus.Minaeva Oksana M., Akimova Elena E., Minaev Konstantin M., Semyonov SergeiYu., Pisarchuk Anna D. Biological Institute of Tomsk State University, Tomsk,Russia; Research Institute of Biology and Biophysics of TSU, Tomsk, Russia; Departmentof Chemistry of Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia. UPTAKE OF SOMEHEAVY METALS FROM WATER BY WATER HYACINTHS (EICHHORNIACRASSIPES (MART.) SOLMS). Studies are conducted to determine the uptake ofcopper, lead, cadmium and zinc ions by water hyacinths from water solution in artificialmodel conditions. Concentrations of Cu, Pb, Cd and Zn are determined in theleaves of the water hyacinths and solution. The possibility of using water hyacinthsplants to purify waters of different purpose from heavy metals is shown. Plants are observedto be exposed to MPC excess of these elements in water, keeping viability andmultiplying successfully. During ten days of experiment the concentration of heavymetals decreases more than 5 times for zinc, 6 times for cadmium, 4 times for lead and8,5 times for copper whereas control shows no changes. Also, it is discovered that thevegetative mass of eichornia (leaves) is not prone to accumulation of these metals. So,the efficiency of the use of plants of the water hyacinth for the purification of waters ofdifferent purpose is demonstrated.Key words: the water hyacinth; MPC (maximum permissible concentration); heavymetals; phytioremediation; aquatic macrophytes.CONFERENCEGureev Aleksey S., Kukharskiy Mikhail S., Novikov Yuri M. Biological Institute ofTomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia. JEAN-BAPTISTE LAMARCK. THEFIRST EVOLUTIONARY THEORY IN LIGHT OF NEW BREAKTHROUGHSIN BIOLOGY. Two hundred years after the publication of the first evolutionary theory,the attention it had lost has been reclaimed, and it is even gaining new momentumfrom recent innovations in biology.Key words: Lamarck; evolution; gradation; advisability.

Ключевые слова


Список пуст


 АННОТАЦИИ СТАТЕЙ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ | Вестн. Том. гос. ун-та. Биология. 2009. № 4 (8).

АННОТАЦИИ СТАТЕЙ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ | Вестн. Том. гос. ун-та. Биология. 2009. № 4 (8).

Полнотекстовая версия