ABSTRACTS | Вестн. Том. гос. ун-та. Философия. Социология. Политология. 2009. № 4 (8).

ABSTRACTS

АННОТАЦИИ СТАТЕЙ НА АНГЛИЙСКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ.pdf EPISTEMOLOGY AND PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCEP. 5. Kusliy P.S. REFERENCE OF SINGULAR TERMS. The article presents a theory of referenceof singular terms which is based on a distinction between rigid and non-rigid designators. Withinthe theory principal problems of reference (interchangeability of terms in extensional and nonextensionalcontexts, analysis of empty terms, negative existentials and counterfactuals) are resolvedseparately for rigid and non-rigid designators. Some epistemological conclusions are discussed.Keywords: reference, semantics, singular terms, naming.P. 22. Ladov V.A. THE RESTRICTIONS ON «CHARITY» AND THE OPPORTUNITY OFCONCEPTUAL DIFFERENCES IN COMMUNICATION. The Principle of Charity in D. Davidson'sphilosophy of language is considered in this article. The author points that if the Principle ofCharity is introduced into theory of interpretation it is hard to explain the fact of conceptual differencesin communication. Nevertheless it is demonstrated that resources of D. Davidson's theoreticalprogram allow to find an acceptable solution of the problem.Keywords: The Principle of Charity, Davidson, conceptual discussion, meaning, truth, understanding,communication.P. 28. Lamberov L.D. DEFLATIONISM AND NONCONSERVATIVENESS. In the paperShapiro-Ketland argument against deflationary theories of truth is concerned in detail. According toShapiro and Ketland, the notion of truth extends a set of provable statements. According to Shapiroand Ketland, this contradicts deflationism. In the paper four main ways of overcoming of the argumentare analyzed and it is argued that the argument can't refute deflationism.Keywords: deflationism, Shaprio-Ketland argument, truth, proof, expressive power.P. 38. Pavlov K.A. ON THE CONCEPT OF LOGIC AND ITS HISTORICAL TRANSFORMATIONS.Some basic moments in the history of logic are considered. We suggest that the principal aimof logic is to provide the ability to generate logically correct reasoning (whenever one needs to) ratherthan just to construct and describe possible formal systems of logic. This leads to the problem of thetheoretical and computer modeling of such processes.Keywords: logical reasoning, conditions and context of logical reasoning.P. 51. Tarasov I.P. DEBATE ON FUNCTIONALISM: PROBLEM OF INVERTED SPECTRUM.This article searches the main problem for the functionalist philosophy of mind. This is socalled problem of «inverted spectrum» which shows the functionalist's inability in explaining thephenomenal content of the mental state. The possible way out consists in taking the naturalist approachin epistemology which states the suspicion on the existence of phenomenal experience.Keywords: Functionalism, inversion spectrum, phenomenal content, mental states, naturalism.P. 60. Khlebalin A.V. ONTOLOGICAL COMMITMENT OF MATHEMATHICAL INDISPENSABILITY.The correctness of use for indispensability argument to realist/antirealist dispute inthe philosophy of mathematics is considered in the work. It is shown that use of the classical formulationof argument about indispensability of mathematics attracts recognition of problematic ontologicalconsequences. The conclusion proves in work about necessity and specifications of preconditions ofargument about indispensability of mathematics and ways of the further research of a phenomenon ofapplicability of mathematics as argument in dispute of realism/antirealism are planned.Keywords: indispensability of mathematics, ontological commitment, conservativity, factionalism,naturalistic ontology of scientific theory.P. 69. Chernyak A.Z. KNOWLEDGE AS FUNCTION. Knowledge is difficult to define unambiguously,as is shown by existing disagreements in philosophy of epistemology. The problem may betraced down to differences in purposes and ideologies of epistemological investigations. The authorsupposes that unlike the tradition to take the question about the nature of knowledge, and the oneabout its scope as inevitably tied together, the later question may be answered separately. This can bedone within the functionalist framework where knowledge is to be determined not by linguistic, psychological,social or other features of forms of knowledge, but by epistemic functions of what is ordinarilypresumed to be known. What is epistemic function becomes the main question under these linesof investigation. Consistently provided it seems to make knowledge a highly relativized notion. Hencethe general concern of the author is whether this price is worth paying.Keywords: knowledge, cognition, epistemology, functionalism, relativism.HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHYP. 81. Ogleznev V.V. SOURCES OF MODERN ANALYTICAL LEGAL PHILOSOPHY. In articlesources and the basic theoretic-methodological preconditions of modern analytical legal philosophyfor the first time are presented and analyzed. It allows to draw a conclusion on originality anduniqueness of this new branch of scientific knowledge.Keywords: analytical legal philosophy, analytical jurisprudence, legal positivism, J. Austin,H.L.A. Hart.P. 89. Surovtsev V.A. WITTGENSTEIN AND F.P. RAMSEY ON IDENTITY. In article theoryof identity of things submitted by L. Wittgenstein in "Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus" is considered.Items offered by F.P. Ramsey at the technical realization of this theory are analyzed. They changeresult in significant complication of initial idea that forces to enter into symbolical system additionaltechnical adaptations that puts under doubt an opportunity of consecutive realization of Wittgenstein'sidea.Keywords: Symbolical system, identity of things, identity of sign, definite description, collisionof variable, undefinable idea.P. 104. Sukhanova E.N. STRAWSON'S CONSTRUCTION OF NO-SPACE WORLD AS ANEXAMPLE OF REVISIONARY METAPHYSICS. The article presents a reconstruction of one ofP.F. Strawson's arguments for his picture of our thought and language. Claiming that the genuinephilosophical inquiry of «our conceptual scheme» must be descriptive in character Strawson leaves asecondary role to revisionary metaphysics. In what this role consists may be explained by studying ofStrawson's thought-experiment known as No-Space world model.Keywords: P.F. Strawson, revisionary metaphysics, «our» conceptual scheme, spatio-temporalframework of reference, particular identity, No-Space world, sound-particulars

Ключевые слова

Авторы

Список пуст

Ссылки

 ABSTRACTS | Вестн. Том. гос. ун-та. Философия. Социология. Политология. 2009. № 4 (8).

ABSTRACTS | Вестн. Том. гос. ун-та. Философия. Социология. Политология. 2009. № 4 (8).

Полнотекстовая версия